According to the U.S. Drought Monitor (USDM), as of July 12, 2016, Moderate to Exceptional drought is impacting about 15 percent of the area of the United States, affecting 79.5 million people. In response to California’s historic drought which began in 2012, on May 5, 2015, for the first time in the state’s history, mandatory water restrictions were ordered by California’s governor Jerry Brown.
According to the National Weather Service heat is one of the leading weather-related killers in the United States, resulting in hundreds of fatalities each year and even more heat-related illnesses. June 2016 was the warmest June on record for the U.S. according to the National Center for Environmental Information.
NATURAL CATASTROPHE LOSSES IN THE UNITED STATES, 2015
(Based on perils)
Source: © 2016 Munich Re, NatCatSERVICE; Property Claim Services (PCS®)*, a Verisk Analytics® business. As of February 2016.
Global Catastrophes, 2015
|Number of incidents||Deaths||Insured loss ($ millions)|
|Drought, bush fires, heat waves||23||4,955||2,043|
|Other natural catastrophes||1||350||0|
|Total natural catastrophes||198||19,365||$27,789|
|All catatrophes (1)||353||26,359||$36,772|
1. Based on events classified by Swiss Re as a catastrophe. The threshold is $19.7 million in insured losses for maritime disasters, $39.3 million for aviation disasters and $48.8 million for other losses or $97.7 million in total economic losses; or at least 20 dead or missing, 50 injured or 2,000 made homeless.
Source: Swiss Re, sigma,1/2016.
Top 10 Deadliest World Catastrophes, 1970-2015
|1||Nov. 11, 1970||Bangladesh||Storm and flood catastrophe||300,000|
|2||Jul. 28, 1976||China||Earthquake (M 7.6)||255,000|
|3||Jan. 12, 2010||Haiti||Earthquake (Mw 7.0), aftershocks||222,570|
|4||Dec. 26, 2004||Indonesia, Thailand et al.||Earthquake (Mw 9), tsunami in Indian Ocean||220,000|
|5||May 2, 2008||Myanmar (Burma), Bay of Bengal||Tropical cyclone Nargis, Irrawaddy Delta flooded||138,300|
|6||Apr. 29, 1991||Bangladesh||Tropical cyclone Gorky||138,000|
|7||May 12, 2008||China||Earthquake (Mw 7.9) in Sichuan, aftershocks||87,449|
|8||Oct. 8, 2005||Pakistan, India, Afghanistan||Earthquake (Mw 7.6), aftershocks, landslides||74,310|
|9||May 31, 1970||Peru||Earthquake (M 7.9), massive avalanche and floods||66,000|
|10||Jun. 15, 2010||Russia, Czech Republic||Heat wave with temperatures up to 40◦ Celsius||55,630|
1. Dead and missing.
Source: Swiss Re, sigma, No. 1/2016.
Article Source: http://www.iii.org